General Discussion, Wednesday, October 24, 2018

Pascal’s Calculator

Pascal’s calculator is a mechanical calculator invented by Blaise Pascal in the early 17th century. It was called the arithmetic machine and later became known as the Pascaline. Pascal was led to develop a calculator by the laborious arithmetical calculations required by his father’s work as supervisor of taxes in Rouen.

The first solid state calculator was invented in the 1960s, with digital calculators using microprocessors being invented in the 1970s.

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141 Responses to General Discussion, Wednesday, October 24, 2018

  1. stella says:

    2-track off US 23, Rogers City, MI

    Liked by 8 people

  2. Lucille says:

    What an enticing wooded path! Thanks, Stella! It enlarges beautifully, too.

    Liked by 6 people

  3. Lucille says:

    “Pie Jesu” (Latin lyrics w/ English translation)
    Composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber & performed by The Priests, The Irish Film Orchestra

    Liked by 6 people

  4. czarowniczy says:

    Oh lordie, I can remember the huge steampunk desktop calculators with the nixie tubes we had in the statistics lab in the early 70s. Whew, large, reeking of ozone and scary. Then came the Texas Instrument TI-125 and we blew $125 for it at the BX – it had FOUR(!!!!) computational functions!

    As I said before, I can date myself military-wise by learning how to do artillery computations on the old slide rule and then on the hand-held calculator that replaced it. Come to think of it I can date myself by having used a slide rule to do statistics before that chugging nixie tube bearing calculator showed up.

    Liked by 6 people

  5. Lucille says:

    Don’t know the year this interesting episode of CBS Sunday Morning was televised….”Marni Nixon: Singing voice of the stars”

    Nixon passed away from breast cancer in 2016. Charles Osgood is still around, though.

    A number of times Nixon’s voice was too “perky” for me. However, after listening to some short clips of the stars singing their own songs, it’s obvious why their singing performances needed to be dubbed. I just watched Patty Duke singing in VALLEY OF THE DOLLS and she was hilariously bad from every standpoint. LOL!

    Liked by 7 people

    • NC Nana says:

      Good morning Lucille,

      Fun entertainment history on a very talented lady. The little scenes from the old movies was fun too. I saw every one of the movies shown in this story.

      It was also fun hearing Ms. Nixon say that her family discovered early that she had perfect pitch. My grandson has perfect pitch too. His teacher had him sing the notes as he learned the piano. She wanted him to join a boy’s choir but he was completely uninterested. That has held true to today.

      I on the other hand, can’t carry a tune in a bucket. Having said that my grandchildren and I have always sung together in the car. We have great fun as we travel the beautiful NC highways.

      Have a great day.

      Liked by 6 people

      • Lucille says:

        Good morning, NC Nana! Thanks!

        Liked by 1 person

      • JTR says:

        I’m not a very good singer, but it doesn’t stop me!

        Liked by 2 people

      • You reminded me that my mom also has/had perfect pitch & she played the piano starting at age 4 & music (choir style) has been a big part of her life. Ironically she & my dad grew up in the heart of the Motor City in the midst of the Mo-Town era but they completely ignored that cultural phenomenon, Mom being into choir-style stuff & dad not able to carry a tune in a bucket.

        Years later, in 1975, my dad worked very hard to sing passably so he could join my mom on their church choir’s Bicentennial Tour of England for three weeks. For years after that adventure my dad would often call my mom “her ladyship”. He didn’t stick with choir after that (he was always into sports & not music) so the bucket started to leak again!

        After I found my mom’s birth family she exchanged cassette tapes with her cousin (or possibly half-sister–long story) & her cousin was moved to tears hearing Mom’s voice for she sounded so much like my mom’s birth mother’s sister. It was a surreal time-warp that served to solidify the reality of that blood relationship revealing that even though my mom had never known these people for more than 60 years & had grown up in completely different circumstances (in the heart of Detroit vs rural Michigan) they had more in common, including interests & talents, than any of us ever imagined!

        Liked by 3 people

      • czarina33 says:

        People ask me to NOT sing! My mother was unable to carry a tune or keep rhythm. I love to sing when nobody can hear me. Makes ME happy!!!

        Liked by 1 person

    • auscitizenmom says:

      I still laugh when I watch an old John Wayne movie from his singing cowboy days. Of course it was dubbed, but the voice doesn’t really fit him. Nor, does the singing.

      Liked by 3 people

  6. I think Bruce Bartlett needs to run in front of a semi on a busy highway, and go into his repose. And I’ve never said that about anybody, either. But he does need to escape this mortal coil.


    • Morning Wooly! I’ve never heard of this guy. Not too bright, it seems.


    • czarowniczy says:

      Wouldn’t ‘a’ if not ‘the’ primary difference be Trump’s not responsible for over 40-million deaths in WW II? Oh wait, this is prog hyperbole and not facts.

      Liked by 2 people

    • Lucille says:

      Well, there never was an Adolph Hitler, anyway…unless he’s speaking of Adolf. Imbecile! I really hate it when people are so ignorant they can’t even spell the name of one of the most significant and evil men to have ever been born.

      Of course, there’s those little bumps in Bartlett’s recitation of Adolf’s virtues, which we all can spell out for him. And, seeing as Hitler only had a “wife” for a few minutes before they offed themselves, being “faithful” to her was a piece of cake.

      Someone needs to kick the living daylights out of Brucie…whoever the heck he is.

      Liked by 2 people

      • Lucille says:

        And besides which, this “Hitler being a real patriot, more literarily productive and a million times a better man than Trump” meme is the same stuff that was put out by lefties during George W. Bush’s Presidency. So it’s not even original…but then which lefties believe anything the least bit original…same old, same old indoctrinated crapola? Man, this really tees me off!

        Liked by 1 person

      • LOL I didn’t even see the misspelling. That makes it even worse.


  7. This is the best band on Earth, right now.

    Bobby McFerrin would be proud of them. They can make music with anything, they can make an instrument out out of anything. Rhythm and tone are their native language. They’re Canucks, but we can forgive them for that.

    Liked by 3 people

  8. Wooly Covfefe says:

    Don’t doubt me. I’m not wrong here.

    Liked by 3 people

  9. NC Nana says:

    Good morning all,

    Yesterday we picked up our grandbabies from band practice and took them to dinner then to a Krispy Kreme Doughnuts for dessert. No prob on the carbs because their next events were football for him and swimming for her. When they finally got home last night it would be showers, a little visiting with Mom and Dad then bed. Our part of their evening was just old fashioned fun in spending time with them and catching up on their lives and seeing what is happening.

    Time is compacted on Tuesdays because the babies activities are just one right after the other. Very often they work on homework in the car. Sometimes they have reading or they quiz each on subjects that will be tested the next day. Yesterday they worked on memorizing the Preamble to the Constitution.

    Many of you mentioned grand babies yesterday. Because some of the study techniques and tools are so different today, I wanted to share with you how our babies studied for a quiz scheduled for today on the Preamble.

    They sang the Preamble. Yep, they sang it. What a fun and memorable way to memorize it. The tune they sang it to is in this video.

    Preamble to the Constitution

    We the people of the United States,
    in order to form a more perfect union,
    establish justice,
    insure domestic tranquility,
    provide for the common defense,
    promote the general welfare,
    and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity,
    do ordain and establish this Constitution
    for the United States of America.

    Note: Posterity means future generations.

    Liked by 10 people

    • Love it!!! Thank you!

      Kids today have many more activities these days. I’m sure it helps them be more well-rounded, but it’s tough on parents and grand-parents getting them from point A to Point B. My GS is only 2, but I was carting him around last week from preschool to play dates, etc… wore me out, but it was fun.

      Liked by 1 person

      • NC Nana says:


        You have years and years of joy ahead of you. You never know where those joys will come from. There are surprises around every corner.

        When my grand children were a little younger than your grandson I picked personal songs for them. It was 25 miles between our house and theirs so when we were traveling we would sing songs together. (Still do and they still want me to sing their personal songs occasionally.) Their favorites were always their personal songs.

        My grandson’s song was sung to the tune of Mary Had a Little Lamb.

        His lyrics:

        Verse 1
        ____ _____ had a little dog, little dog, little dog,

        ____ _____ had a little dog, his tail was white as snow*.

        Verse 2

        Everywhere that ____ _____ went, ____ _____ went, ____ _____ went, his dog was sure to go.

        It followed him to school one day, school one day, school one day

        It followed him to school one day, which was against the rule.

        Verse 3

        It made the children laugh and play, laugh and play, laugh and play

        It made the children laugh and play, to see a dog at school.

        Of course when we got to the point of laugh and play, the laughter would just bubble out of him.

        *They had a beagle then and of course his tail was white as snow.

        Enjoy every minute you can with you grandson. It is unbelievable how fast time flies.

        Liked by 4 people

    • czarowniczy says:

      Ummmm…did you show ’em Mike Moore’s take on the Constitution?

      Liked by 1 person

    • Funny that’s how I also learned the Preamble & as I was playing your video my 20 year old daughter about to leave for work says “Is that School House Rock?” for she also learned this & memorized all the words & not just the chorus like me. She learned it at a classmate’s house (a very liberal Christian family) & said it was probably the best thing she ever learned from them. They wouldn’t even let their son play with squirt guns because of how evil guns are! My daughter is a bow & gun hunter–& a strong Conservative Christian!

      Liked by 1 person

  10. NC Nana says:

    Lou Dobbs discusses Rosenstein Congressional testimony and Invasion with Representative Matt Gaetz.

    Liked by 2 people

    • NC Nana says:

      Lou Dobbs said in the video above the invasion was orchestrated.

      Watch this video with Griff Jenkins. Starting at 1:10 the β€œimmigrant” says

      β€œSituation of Honduras”

      then she says:


      I guarantee you illegals do not talk that way and do not use words like situation and criminals.

      We lived in Southern CA during the slow takeover of that part of the state by illegal immigrants. We were constantly around illegals in one capacity or another. They did not have a vocabulary or pronunciation of words that anywhere approached this β€œillegals” pronunciation and use of β€œsituation” or β€œcriminals”.

      I have no idea who that woman was but the reason she had her face covered with a hoodie was because she is not an uneducated illegal. She is part of the orchestration.

      Liked by 7 people

      • NC Nana says:

        Talking about orchestration:

        Matt Gaetz talks about criminal thugs and national security in the Lou Dobbs video above. In the video yesterday by Bill Whittle talked about Honduras having one of the highest murder rates in the world.

        MS-13 and the 18th Street gang come from Honduras. They are likely in this invasion group.

        This is a little snippet from Wikipedia on Honduras crime:

        β€œ … Homicide violence reached a peak in 2012 with an average of 20 homicides a day.[2] Cities such as San Pedro Sula and the Tegucigalpa have registered homicide rates among the highest in the world. The violence is associated with drug trafficking as Honduras is often a transit point, and with a number of urban gangs, mainly the MS-13 and the 18th Street gang. …”

        Liked by 3 people

      • auscitizenmom says:

        I wondered about that.


      • czarowniczy says:

        Agreed, the illegals that flooded NOLA after Katrina, and to some extent before, would largely make Jose Jimenez sound like Rex Harrison in comparison. I remember carrying my slim book of ‘Spanish for the Police Officer’ and playing pointy-talkey.
        Generally if you don’t learn a language by a certain age you have an accent and if you do learn it young enough you can still pick up the accent of your teacher. I go for the ‘immigrant’ being a plant.

        Liked by 2 people

  11. nyetneetot says:

    Mornin’ stella! (Smiter of those that ought to be smote) 😎 🍸 (Long Island Iced Tea)
    Mornin’ WeeWeed! (Master Mixologist Extrodinare) 😎 🍸 (Old Fashioned)
    Mornin’ Menagerie! 😎 |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| (Jack Daniels – Single Barrel )
    Mornin’ Ad rem! (Queen Felis catus) 🐱 🍸 (Flaming Lamborghini)
    Mornin’ Sharon! 😎 🍸 🍸 (earthquake)
    Mornin’ ytz4mee! 😎 🍸 (cosmopolitan)
    Mornin’ waltzingmtilda! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (white wine and perrier)
    Mornin’ partyzantski! πŸ™‚ |_| (Tom Collins)
    Mornin’ texan59! πŸ™‚ |_| (Black & Tan)
    Mornin’ ZurichMike! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (fuzzy navel)
    Mornin’ Col.(R) Ken! (hand salute) πŸ™‚ |_| (Boilermaker)
    Mornin’ czarina33! (aka czarina) πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Lynchburg Lemonade)
    Mornin’ czarowniczy! πŸ™‚ |_| (Wild Turkey Rare Breed)
    Mornin’ letjusticeprevail2014! πŸ™‚ |_| (Irish Car Bomb)
    Mornin’ Patriot1783-ctdar! (aka “ctdar”) πŸ™‚ 🍸 (grasshopper)
    Mornin’ tessa50! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (flaming volcano)
    Mornin’ waltzingmtilda! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (sidecar)
    Mornin’ varsityward! πŸ™‚ |_| (Godfather)
    Mornin’ MaryfromMarin! πŸ˜€ |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| (Mortlach)
    Mornin’ Wooly Covfefe! (aka “Wooly Phlox” aka “taqiyyologist”) πŸ™‚ |_| (Roy Rogers)
    Mornin’ Howie! (aka “doodahdaze”) πŸ™‚ |_| (Classic Daiquiri)
    Mornin’ TwoLaine! πŸ™‚ |_| (Gin & Tonic)
    Mornin’ Sha! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Lemon Drop)
    Mornin’ BigMamaTEA! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Harvey Wallbanger)
    Mornin’ cetera5! (aka “Cetera”) πŸ™‚ |_| (Blackberry wine)
    Mornin’ The Tundra PA! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Gentleman Jack Whiskey Sling)
    Mornin’ lovely! πŸ™‚ |_| (Backdraft)
    Mornin’ michellc! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Salty dog)
    Mornin’ auscitizenmom! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Kiss on the Lips)
    Mornin’ Margaret-Ann! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (White Russian)
    Mornin’ Auntie Lib! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Tom and Jerry)
    Mornin’ holly100! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Jack & Coke)
    Mornin’ Pam! πŸ™‚ (Not even water)
    Mornin’ Ms.Tee! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Mojito)
    Mornin’ koolkosherkitchen! πŸ™‚ 🍸 🍸 (Cuba Libre)
    Mornin’ ImpeachEmAll πŸ™‚ |_| (Flaming Dr. Pepper)
    Mornin’ Monroe! πŸ™‚ |_| (Stinger)
    Mornin’ Les! πŸ™‚ |_| (Rusty Nail)
    Mornin’ shiloh1973! πŸ™‚ |_| (Jack Daniels)
    Mornin’ TexasRanger! πŸ™‚ |_| (Whiskey Smash)
    Mornin’ Ziiggii! πŸ™‚ |_| (B52)
    Mornin’ oldiadguy! πŸ™‚ |_| (Rum & Coke)
    Mornin’ smiley! (“stuck in spambucket”) πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Spanish coffee)
    Mornin’ derk! (β€œStellars”) πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Kamikaze)
    Mornin’ Jacqueline Taylor Robson πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Shirley Temple)
    Mornin’ facebkwallflower! πŸ™‚ |_| (Night Train Express)
    Mornin’ Ms. Cindy! (aka “Ms Cynlynn” aka “ms cynlynn”) πŸ™‚ 🍸 (1970 ducru beaucaillou)
    Mornin’ sandandsea2015! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (1961 ChΓ’teau Montrose)
    Mornin’ amwick! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Blue motorcycle)
    Mornin’ hocuspocus13! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (1970 Chateau Latour)
    Mornin’ Sloth1963! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (1971 Moulin Touchais)
    Mornin’ MTeresa! (Ex-lurker) πŸ™‚ |_| (Albanian Raki Moskat)
    Mornin’ rheavolans! (aka “Rhea Salacia Volans”) πŸ™‚ |_| (Hot Buttered Rum)
    Mornin’ joshua! πŸ™‚ |_| (Mudslide)
    Mornin’ John Denney! πŸ™‚ |_| (RumChata)
    Mornin’ litenmaus! πŸ™‚ |_| (Stolichnaya elit, no ice)
    Mornin’ kinthenorthwest! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (A Lonely Island Lost in the Middle of a Foggy Sea)
    Mornin’ TwoLaine! πŸ™‚ |_| (Smoking Bishop)
    Mornin’ patternpuzzler! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Old Lady)
    Mornin’ SenatssekretΓ€r FREISTAAT DANZIG! πŸ™‚ |_| (Red Russian)
    Mornin’ G-d&Country! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Blind Russian)
    Mornin’ Gary! πŸ™‚ |_| (Yuengling)
    Mornin’ valeriecurren! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Flaming Sambuca)
    Mornin’ Lucille! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Peach Schnapps)
    Mornin’ Lburg! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Lburg lemonade)
    Mornin’ davidhuntpe! πŸ™‚ |_| (Baileys Irish Cream on the rocks)
    Mornin’ skipper1961! πŸ™‚ |_| (Brompton’s Cocktail – No cherry, no umbrella, no plastic monkey)
    Mornin’ mightyconservative! πŸ™‚ |_| (Benjamin Franklin’s clarified milk punch)
    Mornin’ NC Nana! πŸ™‚ 🍸 (Beautiful)
    Mornin’ whiners and complainers! πŸ˜› (No drink for you!)
    Mornin’ to people posting that I missed. 😳
    Mornin’ to all you lurkers! πŸ˜•

    Also just in case someday; mornin’ to Elvis Chupacabra, F.D.R. in Hell and sundance! :mrgreen:


    NEW and IMPROVED breakfast with extra bacon for ZurichMike!

    Doughnuts and coffee!

    Liked by 8 people

  12. stella says:

    It’s a rally day!

    President Donald J. Trump’s schedule for Wednesday, October 24th:
    Β· Remarks on a year of historic progress and action to combat the opioid crisis
    Β· Travel to Mosinee, WI
    Β· Make America Great Again rally
    Β· Travel to Washington, D.C.

    Liked by 5 people

  13. WeeWeed says:

    Mornin’ y’all!

    Liked by 9 people

  14. Gil says:

    This whole “bomb” thing stinks. Uncancelled postage? All Trump haters? Every few hours? And twit no. 1 treding is “magabomber”. All to throw off the vote.

    We have:

    1. Stock market drops starting 2 weeks ago
    2. Saudi embassy murder
    3. Central american hordes
    4. Bombs for sympathy(I thought people still sent cards n flowers)

    All while the walk away movement, Kanye off the plantation, re nog nafta, and rally attendence through the roof. Very suspicious!
    He said he would take slings n arrows for us so we have to support him and vote.

    Liked by 5 people

  15. Lucille says:

    Today after reading the disgusting tweet from the Hitler advocate shown unthread, I went looking for the name of a Jewish female Allied spy sent to France during WWII. Having seen her photo in a 1970s non-fiction book about the OSS, I believe, I was particularly struck by her condition in the photo. She’d been captured, stripped, tortured and was sitting on the floor trying to protect her body from the photographer, a despairing look on her face. She didn’t come home and so it’s assumed she was murdered. That photo has popped up in my consciousness from time-to-time…totally haunting.

    Found this article about Allied spies, instead, but none of the descriptions seem right for her…”6 Incredible Female Spies of World War II.”

    I wonder if collaborator Soros ever saw her photo and dismissed it as unimportant, having nothing to do with him.

    Liked by 5 people

    • Lucille says:

      Funny, but I always proofread everything before hitting the “post comment” button…and must have read this post through twice before and once after posting. Only now do I see that rather than “uPthread”, I typed “uNthread.”

      I give up! LOL!


  16. auscitizenmom says:

    lilbirdee12’s prayer:

    Our Heavenly Father, Your children come to you tonight to ask for healing and peace throughout our country so that we may return to being One Nation Under God. Guide us to be leaders in Your Kingdom, spreading Your Love and Salvation to all. Forgive us our sins and deliver us from evil.

    Lord, we ask for a blanket of protection over all our troops and law enforcement who serve to defend and protect us. Bless our representatives with the strength and wisdom they need to achieve the path You have chosen for us.

    Please place Your Guardian Angels of Protection around Donald Trump and Mike Pence and their families as they seek to lead America back to You.

    Grant us patience, Lord, as the evil ones try to anger us and cause us to fall.
    Spread blessings over Israel and Netanyahu.

    We humbly ask that You please comfort those who are grieving and in pain.
    Thank you Father, for Your Love and the gift of Life.

    In Jesus name, we pray. Amen.

    Liked by 2 people

  17. auscitizenmom says:

    Prayer for Justice Kavanaugh:
    “After watching her husband rip into pro-death senators who used Dr. Christine Blasey Ford in attempts to derail the appointment of her husband to the U.S. Supreme Court, Ashley is asking all people of faith to unite in praying Psalm 40, which reads:”


    In Jesus’ name we pray. Amen

    Liked by 2 people

  18. Lucille says:

    A beautiful harvest moon view for you all…it’ll soon be goodbye forever to Wednesday, October 24, 2018…

    Liked by 4 people

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