According to The Official Travel Guide of Finland:
The white summer nights are perhaps Finland’s most iconic phenomena. The nighttime sun is at its strongest during the months of June and July but the further north you go, the longer and higher the sun stays above the horizon. In the very northernmost parts you can experience a full Midnight Sun from May to August.
In the northernmost parts of Finnish Lapland, the sun stays above the horizon for over 70 consecutive days.
One of the most remarkable features of Finland is light. When the endless sunshine of summer gives way to dark winter, the Northern Lights appear like magic and lighten up the sky.
The further north you go, the greater the chances of spotting the Aurora Borealis – in Finnish Lapland they can appear on 200 nights a year. In Helsinki and the south, the Aurorae can be seen on roughly 20 nights a winter, away from city lights.
According to Wikipedia, Finland’s population is 5.5 million (2017), and the majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region. 88.7% of the population is Finnish and speaks Finnish, a Uralic language unrelated to the Scandinavian languages; next come the Finland-Swedes (5.3%). Finland is the eighth-largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union.
It is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in the capital city of Helsinki, local governments in 311 municipalities, and one autonomous region, the Åland Islands. Over 1.4 million people live in the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which produces one-third of the country’s GDP.
Located on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, Helsinki is the seat of the region of Uusimaa in southern Finland, and has a population of 642,045. The city’s urban area has a population of 1,231,595, making it by far the most populous urban area in Finland as well as the country’s most important center for politics, education, finance, culture, and research. Helsinki is located 50 miles north of Tallinn, Estonia, 250 miles east of Stockholm, Sweden, and 240 miles west of Saint Petersburg, Russia. It has close historical ties with these three cities.
Helsinki has one of the highest urban standards of living in the world. In 2011, the British magazine Monocle ranked Helsinki the world’s most liveable city in its liveable cities index. In the Economist Intelligence Unit’s 2016 liveability survey, Helsinki was ranked ninth among 140 cities.
To put things into perspective, the distance from Helsinki to Saint Petersburg Russia is less than the distance from Detroit to Chicago, and a little more than the distance from New York to Washington DC. The population of Finland is about the same as the population of Minnesota, but it is about the size of New Mexico. Latitudinally speaking, Finland is about the same as Alaska.
Sights of Helsinki:
A Facebook friend says that if you visit Finland, get used to eating cabbage at every meal. Also herring. Vodka is popular there too. Her comments:
Helsinki delights: Biggest medical center because Russians use it. Completely incomprehensible language. Best shopping is in tunnels underground. Cute little opera house…with program notes in Finnish (you better know that opera). Cute little art museum with scenes of the Arctic. Did I mention cabbage for breakfast?
Cabbage in broth, and booze in your tea.
Yep! Potatoes, cabbage, vodka and herring!
I was there in January. We drove through snow tunnels on the sides of roads. Some were 30 feet high!
Our President arrived in Helsinki about an hour ago (3 pm EDT).