Today In History, June 20, Guest hosted by patternpuzzler!

Welcome to today’s Tidbits of History, June 20th!

1214 The University of Oxford receives its charter

1632 Britain grants 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay area1633 Charter for Maryland is given to Lord Cecil Baltimore

1782 Congress approves Great Seal of the United States of America & the Bald Eagle as its symbol http://tinyurl.com/6qy64pa

1787 Oliver Ellsworth moves at the Federal Convention to call the government the United States. Ellsworth also contributed to the first draft of the Constitution and advocated for representation of legislative branch of the government remain at state level. He also chaired the committee that would map out our judiciary system. http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/biographies/oliver-ellsworth/

1840 Samuel Morse patents his telegraph. “Morse secured funding from Congress to build wires across the United States, and received a patent for his invention in 1844. On May 11th of that year, his telegraphed message from Baltimore to Washington was the first of its kind.” PBS: http://tinyurl.com/cod72xm

1863 First bank chartered in US (First National Bank of Davenport Iowa) The first bank to be chartered under the National Banking Act of 1863, which was enacted to ensure a stable banking system, as opposed to area banks who dealt in their own monetary currencies. The building still stands in downtown Davenport. http://blogs.davenportlibrary.com/sc/2013/06/19/4676/

1867 US President Andrew Johnson announces purchase of Alaska

1893 Lizzie Borden acquitted of the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts

1895 First female PhD from an American University, earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin (in Science) at Cornell University

1907 First Portland Rose festival held in Portland, Oregon

1909 First balloon honeymoon (Roger Burham & Eleanor Waring)” They ascended at Woods Hole, MA at 12:40 pm in the “Pittsfield” piloted by William Von Sleet landed 4:30 pm in an orchard in Holbrook, MA.” http://www.massaerohistory.org/MA_AVIATION_FIRSTS_1757-1959.html

1910 “Krazy Kat” comic strip by George Herriman debuts in NY Journal. See the comic strips at the comicstriplibrary.org: http://tinyurl.com/7jm8dwr

1911 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) incorporates (NY)

1926 Mordecai W Johnson becomes first black president of Howard University

1936 Jesse Owens of US sets 100 meter record at 10.2

1939 Test flight of first rocket plane using liquid propellants. At the Library of Flight you can read all about the “History of Liquid Propellant Rocket Engines” online at https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/book/10.2514/4.868870

1941 Ford signs first contract with autoworkers’ union

1943 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded in Chicago

1943 New Quebec (Chubb) Crater discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km dia) Read about it here at Wondermondo.com: http://tinyurl.com/ycsej4zw

1944 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz

1944 US attacks Japanese fleet in Philippines Sea

1946 NYC transit begins using PA system – Car # 744 on 8th Ave IND line

1948 “Toast of the Town” hosted by Ed Sullivan premieres on CBS-TV

1949 Central Intelligence Agency Act passes

1950 Joe DiMaggio’s 2,000th hit, Yanks beat Indians 8-2

1960 Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

1963 Beatles form “Beatles Ltd” to handle their income

1963 US & USSR agree to set up “Hot Line” As a result of the tension during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, the nuclear powers agreed to institute a means of speaking directly in event of an emergency, and was “a first step to help reduce the risk of war” according to Kennedy.

1966 Sheila Scott completes first round-the-world solo flight by a woman

1967 Muhammad Ali convicted of refusing induction into armed services

1968 Jim Hines becomes first person to run 100 meters in under 10 seconds

1969 150,000 attend Newport ’69, Jimi Hendrix gets $120,000 to appear

1970 “Ray Stevens Show” debuts on NBC-TV

1973 Juan Perón returns from exile to Argentina after 18 years

1975 “Jaws”, based on the book by Peter Benchley, directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Roy Scheider is released

1976 Disney’s River Country opens at Bay Lake (closed 2001)

1977 Menachem Begin forms Israeli government

1977 Oil enters Trans-Alaska pipeline exits 38 days later at Valdez “With a flip of a switch in Prudhoe Bay, crude oil from the nation’s largest oil field begins flowing south down the trans-Alaska pipeline to the ice-free port of Valdez, Alaska. The steel pipeline, 48 inches in diameter, winds through 800 miles of Alaskan wilderness, crossing three Arctic mountain ranges and hundreds of rivers and streams.” history.com http://tinyurl.com/yafqf9z2

1980 “Blues Brothers” with Dan Akroyd & John Belushi opens in 594 theaters***

1980 Roberto Duran takes WBC welterweight title from Sugar Ray Leonard at Olympic Stadium in Montreal by unanimous decision

1981 Mudjahedin uprises against Iran regime

1982 Israeli PM Menachem Begin arrives in Washington

1982 Pete Rose is 5th to appear in 3,000 games (Cobb, Musial, Aaron, Yaz)

1983 Iran moves into northern Iraq (casualties top 13,800 in ten days)

1988 Supreme Court upholds a law that made it illegal for private clubs to discriminate against women & minorities. [Back when discrimination was more easily defined… http://articles.latimes.com/1995-06-30/news/mn-18886_1_country-clubs ]

1990 40,000-50,000 die in a (7.6) earthquake in Iran

1994 O.J. Simpson arraigned on murder of Nicole Simpson & Ronald Goldman

1994 US Fairchild Hospital Air Force Base massacre, former gunman kills 5 and injures 22

1996 Space Shuttle STS 78 (Columbia 20), launches into space

1996 The Venezuelan Congress approves deals which allow foreign oil companies to explore and produce oil in Venezuela for the first time since the country’s 1975 nationalization of the oil industry

1997 Negotiators announce agreement in principle with tobacco industry. From the LATimes: http://tinyurl.com/ycarm2k2

2015 Heat wave peaks in southern Pakistan, goes on to kill about 2,000 people from dehydration and heat stroke

2015 1000 humanoid robots named “Pepper” sell out in under a minute ($1,600 each) in Japan, according to its creator SoftBank Robotics Corp.

2016 China’s super computer tally overtakes the US; Chinese 93 petaflop Sunway TaihuLight is world’s No. 1

***Bonus Video: The Blues Brothers: A youtube.com playlist

 

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This entry was posted in Holidays, News, Nostalgia, The Culture, Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

13 Responses to Today In History, June 20, Guest hosted by patternpuzzler!

  1. patternpuzzler says:

    Lol… ok, not a whole playlist… just a song from a playlist. Dangit.

    Liked by 3 people

  2. lovely says:

    1975 “Jaws”, based on the book by Peter Benchley, directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Roy Scheider is released

    I have an acquaintance who grew up in Jersey, she was an avid ocean goer she saw Jaws around 1980 when she probably around 20 and has not been in the ocean again.

    Liked by 4 people

  3. czarowniczy says:

    Liked by 2 people

  4. nyetneetot says:

    161 – When Marcus Aurelius, Co-Emperor of Rome awoke that morning, it occurred to him that if only a different calendar was used, it would be Friday.

    Liked by 2 people

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