Welcome to today’s tidbits from history, this June 14th! We hope you find something that intrigues you or makes you laugh!
1642 First compulsory education law in America passed by Massachusetts. Law provided that all towns must create and operate public schools, that parents’ be fined for absentee students and that children could be removed from the home if the parents were deemed unfit to have their children educated.
1775 US Army first forms as the Continental Army to fight in the American Revolutionary War
1777 US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Stripes, replacing the Grand Union flag
1822 Charles Babbage proposes a “difference engine” in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled “Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables” Also known as the Babbage Engine, this was the first mechanical calculator of its class, in short.
1834 Hardhat diving suit patented by Leonard Norcross, Dixfield, Maine. History of these inventions for diving worth a peek: http://io9.gizmodo.com/the-strange-and-wonderful-history-of-diving-suits-from-1262529336
1834 Sandpaper patented by Isaac Fischer Jr, Springfield, Vermont
1846 California (Bear Flag) Republic proclaimed in Sonoma, declaring independence from Mexico
1847 Robert Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner
1850 Fire destroys part of San Francisco, starts in bakery chimney
1872 Trade unions are legalized in Canada.
1876 California Street Cable Car Railroad Co gets its franchise
1881 Player piano patented by John McTammany Jr (Cambridge, Mass).
1916 Democratic Convention convenes in St Louis; Woodrow Wilson campaigns on the slogan “he kept out of war”. This slogan and another “America First” painted Wilson as an anti-war candidate and secured his election by a razor-thin margin. America entered WWI one month after Wilson’s inauguration.
1916 Representatives of eight Allied nations hold an economic conference in Paris at which they discuss ways to cripple their enemies economic power during and after the war.
1917 First German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East London
1922 US President Warren G. Harding is first US president to use radio, dedicates the Francis Scott Key memorial in Baltimore
1923 Recording of first country music hit (Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane)
1928 Republican National Convention, meeting in KC, nominates Herbert Hoover for President
1934 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet in Vienna
1938 Chlorophyll patented by Benjamin Grushkin. I know, I didn’t think something so generic could be patented, then I found this on a Facebook page: “In 1938, chlorophyll was patented as a “therapeutic agent for the use in the treatment of infection” of the blood stream, infected parts, and for open cuts and wounds.”
1940 Auschwitz concentration camp opens in Nazi controlled Poland with Polish POWs (approx. 3 million would die within its walls)
1941 Ground broken for Boeing Plant II (ex-AFLC Plant 13) Wichita KS
1941 Estonia loses 11,000 inhabitants as a consequence of mass deportations into Siberia
1942 First bazooka rocket gun produced Bridgeport Ct [Everything you wanted to know about the bazooka: http://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=69 ]
1942 Walt Disney’s animated movie “Bambi”, based on the book by Felix Salten, is released***
1946 Canadian Library Association established
1946 Nat King Cole records “The Christmas Song” for the first time
1951 First commercial computer, UNIVAC 1, enters service at Census Bureau [ https://infogalactic.com/info/UNIVAC_I ]
1952 Keel laid for first nuclear powered sub USS Nautilus (4th to be named Nautilus)
1953 Eisenhower condemns McCarthy’s book burning proposal [A List of Book Burnings: it’s longer than you’d think! Wiki: http://tinyurl.com/pl7e6xw
1954 President Eisenhower signs order adding words “under God” to the Pledge
1962 Albert DeSalvo, better known as the Boston Strangler, murders Anna Slesers, his first victim.
1962 The European Space Research Organization is established in Paris – later becoming the European Space Agency.
1965 Beatles release album “Beatles VI”
1965 John Lennon’s 2nd book “A Spaniard in the Works” is published
1966 Miami beats St Petersburg (Florida State League) 4-3 in 29 innings longest uninterrupted game in organized baseball
1967 Mariner 5 Launch (Venus Flyby)
1967 Steve Allen Show” premieres on CBS-TV
1973 US President Richard Nixon’s administration imposes 60-day economy-wide price freeze, superseding Special Rule No. 1 for oil companies
1975 Janis Ian releases “At Seventeen”
1976 “Gong Show” premieres on TV (syndication) [http://tinyurl.com/ly4pbkd]
1979 Rock group “Little Feat” disbands ***
1980 Theme From NY, NY by Frank Sinatra hits #32
1981 “No Nukes” concert at Hollywood Bowl
1984 Southern Baptist convention decide on no women clergy members
1985 Lebanese Shiite Muslim extremists hijacked TWA Flight 847 [From the FBI files: https://www.fbi.gov/history/famous-cases/hijacking-of-twa-flight-847 ] Note: ” He was arrested in the Frankfurt airport on January 13, 1987, carrying explosives in his luggage. The U.S. sought extradition, but the Federal Republic of Germany decided to prosecute Hamadei in Germany and, on May 17, 1989, convicted him of murder, hostage taking, assault, and hijacking. Hamadei was sentenced to life in prison. On December 15, 2005, however, he was released from custody and returned to Beirut, Lebanon, on December 16, 2005.”
1988 Woman sues Chuck Berry for $5,000,000, alleges he hit her
1989 Groundbreaking begins in Minnesota on world’s largest mall
1989 Ronald Reagan is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II (honorary knighthood)
1989 Singer-songwriter Carol King gets a star on Hollywood’s Walk of Fame
1989 Zsa Zsa Gabor arrested for slapping Beverly Hills motorcycle patrolman
1990 Supreme Court rules police check for drunk drivers constitutional
1991 “Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves” opens directed by Kevin Reynolds and starring Kevin Costner and Morgan Freeman
1992 Mona Van Duyn is named first female US poet laureate
1996 “Cable Guy” starring Jim Carrey is released
2001 China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan form the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
2012 The world’s first stem-cell assisted vein transplant, on a 10-year-old girl, is undertaken by Swedish doctors
2013 Hassan Rouhani is elected President of Iran
2013 The US government charges NSA leaker Edward Snowden with violating the Espionage Act and theft of government property
2015 “Jurassic World”, first film to make $500 million worldwide in its opening weekend
2016 First mammal made extinct by human-induced climate change announced – the Bramble Cay melomys from Torres Strait [Find a puke worthy article here: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/radical-conservation/2016/jun/29/bramble-cay-melomys-australia-extinction-climate-change-great-barrier-reef ]
***Bonus Video: Little Feat’s “Spanish Moon”